Маданият

Википедия — эркенаб энциклопедия сайталдасан материал
Перейти к навигации Перейти к поиску

Маданият, ялъуни култура ккола гӀамм гьабулеб термин, жинца гӀадамазул жамгӀиятазе хасиятал жамгӀияб гӀамал, интитутал ва нормаби, гьединго лъаял, диниял божиял, гьунарлъаби, къанунал, гӀадатал, гьел къокъабазда ругел индивидазул хасиятал ва ругьунлъаби гъорлӀе рачунеб.[1]

ГӀадамазе маданият щола инкултурациялъул ва социализациялъул лъайщвеялъул процессаздасан, гьелъие нугӀлъи гьабула батӀи-батӀиял жамгӀиятазда ругел батӀи-батӀиял маданиятаз.

Маданияб нормаялъ кодгъинабула жамгӀияталда букӀине бегьулеб гӀамал-хасият; гьеб букӀуна ориентирлъун гӀамалалъе, рукӀа-рахъиналъе, ретӀел-тӀеххалъе, мацӀалъе ва ситуациялъе, жал жамгӀияб къокъаялда хьуллъиялъул халиплъун рукӀунеб. ЖамгӀияталда гӀицӀго монокултура босиялъулӀ букӀине бегьула риск, гьединго гӀадин, жидеде функционалияб реакция гьечӀолъиялъ, сверухълъиялъул хисиялда цебе батӀагояб тайпаги къине бегьула.[2]

Сипаткьей[хисизабизе | код хисизабизе]

Этимология[хисизабизе | код хисизабизе]

Хиси[хисизабизе | код хисизабизе]

Антропология[хисизабизе | код хисизабизе]

Социология[хисизабизе | код хисизабизе]

ЦӀех-рехелал[хисизабизе | код хисизабизе]

Психология[хисизабизе | код хисизабизе]

Маданият цӀуни[хисизабизе | код хисизабизе]

Ралагье гьединго[хисизабизе | код хисизабизе]

МугъчӀваял[хисизабизе | код хисизабизе]

  1. Tylor, Edward. (1871). Primitive Culture. Vol 1. New York: J.P. Putnam's Son
  2. Jackson, Y. Encyclopedia of Multicultural Psychology, p. 203

ТӀадеги цӀалиялъе[хисизабизе | код хисизабизе]

ТӀахьал[хисизабизе | код хисизабизе]

  • Barker, C. (2004). The Sage dictionary of cultural studies. Sage.
  • Terrence Deacon (1997). The Symbolic Species: The Co-evolution of Language and the Brain. New York and London: W.W. Norton. ISBN 9780393038385.
  • Ralph L. Holloway Jr. (1969). «Culture: A Human domain». Current Anthropology 10 (4): 395–412. doi:10.1086/201036.
  • Dell Hymes (1969). Reinventing Anthropology.
  • James, Paul; Szeman, Imre (2010). Globalization and Culture, Vol. 3: Global-Local Consumption. London: Sage Publications.
  • Michael Tomasello (1999). «The Human Adaptation for Culture». Annual Review of Anthropology 28: 509–29. doi:10.1146/annurev.anthro.28.1.509.
  • Whorf, Benjamin Lee (1941). «The relation of habitual thought and behavior to language». Language, Culture, and Personality: Essays in Honor of Edward Sapir.
  • Walter Taylor (1948). A Study of Archeology. Memoir 69, American Anthropological Association. Carbondale IL: Southern Illinois University Press.
  • "Adolf Bastian", Encyclopædia Britannica Online, January 27, 2009
  • Ankerl, Guy (2000) [2000]. Global communication without universal civilization, vol.1: Coexisting contemporary civilizations: Arabo-Muslim, Bharati, Chinese, and Western. INU societal research. Geneva: INU Press. ISBN 978-2-88155-004-1.
  • Arnold, Matthew. 1869. Culture and Anarchy. New York: Macmillan. Third edition, 1882, available online. Retrieved: 2006-06-28.
  • Bakhtin, M.M. (1981) The Dialogic Imagination: Four Essays. Ed. Michael Holquist. Trans. Caryl Press. ISBN 978-0-252-06445-6.
  • Barzilai, Gad. 2003. Communities and Law: Politics and Cultures of Legal Identities University of Michigan Press. ISBN 0-472-11315-1
  • Benedict, Ruth (1934). Patterns of Culture. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company.
  • Bourdieu, Pierre. 1977. Outline of a Theory of Practice. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-29164-4
  • Michael C. Carhart, The Science of Culture in Enlightenment Germany, Cambridge, Harvard University press, 2007.
  • Cohen, Anthony P. 1985. The Symbolic Construction of Community. Routledge: New York,
  • Dawkins, R. 1982. The Extended Phenotype: The Long Reach of the Gene. Paperback ed., 1999. Oxford Paperbacks. ISBN 978-0-19-288051-2
  • Findley & Rothney. Twentieth-Century World (Houghton Mifflin, 1986)
  • Geertz, Clifford. 1973. The Interpretation of Cultures: Selected Essays. New York. ISBN 978-0-465-09719-7.
  • (1957) «Ritual and Social Change: A Javanese Example». American Anthropologist 59: 32–54. doi:10.1525/aa.1957.59.1.02a00040.
  • Goodall, J. 1986. The Chimpanzees of Gombe: Patterns of Behavior. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-674-11649-8
  • Hoult, T.F., ed. 1969. Dictionary of Modern Sociology. Totowa, New Jersey, United States: Littlefield, Adams & Co.
  • Jary, D. and J. Jary. 1991. The HarperCollins Dictionary of Sociology. New York: HarperCollins. ISBN 0-06-271543-7
  • Keiser, R. Lincoln 1969. The Vice Lords: Warriors of the Streets. Holt, Rinehart, and Winston. ISBN 978-0-03-080361-1.
  • Kroeber, A.L. and C. Kluckhohn, 1952. Culture: A Critical Review of Concepts and Definitions. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Peabody Museum
  • Kim, Uichol (2001). "Culture, science and indigenous psychologies: An integrated analysis." In D. Matsumoto (Ed.), Handbook of culture and psychology. Oxford: Oxford University Press
  • McClenon, James. "Tylor, Edward B(urnett)". Encyclopedia of Religion and Society. Ed. William Swatos and Peter Kivisto. Walnut Creek: AltaMira, 1998. 528–29.
  • Middleton, R. 1990. Studying Popular Music. Philadelphia: Open University Press. ISBN 978-0-335-15275-9.
  • O'Neil, D. 2006. Cultural Anthropology Tutorials, Behavioral Sciences Department, Palomar College, San Marco, California. Retrieved: 2006-07-10.
  • Reagan, Ronald. "Final Radio Address to the Nation", January 14, 1989. Retrieved June 3, 2006.
  • Reese, W.L. 1980. Dictionary of Philosophy and Religion: Eastern and Western Thought. New Jersey U.S., Sussex, U.K: Humanities Press.
  • Tylor, E.B. (1974) [1871]. Primitive culture: researches into the development of mythology, philosophy, religion, art, and custom. New York: Gordon Press. ISBN 978-0-87968-091-6.
  • UNESCO. 2002. Universal Declaration on Cultural Diversity, issued on International Mother Language Day, February 21, 2002. Retrieved: 2006-06-23.
  • White, L. 1949. The Science of Culture: A study of man and civilization. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux.
  • Wilson, Edward O. (1998). Consilience: The Unity of Knowledge. Vintage: New York. ISBN 978-0-679-76867-8.
  • Wolfram, Stephen. 2002 A New Kind of Science. Wolfram Media, Inc. ISBN 978-1-57955-008-0.

Макъалаби[хисизабизе | код хисизабизе]

ХъватӀисел регӀелал[хисизабизе | код хисизабизе]

Халип:Sister project links

Халип:Culture